There are many harmful and toxic chemicals released in cigarettes’ smoke. The number of these components can reach up to 7000 chemicals. More than 50 of them cause Cancer.
When a cigarette is being smoked, especially in a closed area such as a room, the smoke tends to be concentrated. Although hot air tends to rise and go up, smoke that contains tobacco paisley cools and descends because it is heavier than the air. That will force everyone present in this room to breathe in the smoke.
E-Cigarettes Secondhand Effect
E-cigarettes have a very low risk of secondhand smoking. This is because the smoke that is produced doesn’t contain tobacco. It contains a very small amount of nicotine that can be negligible. However, it is still very important to keep them away from pregnant women and children.
Secondhand Smoking Effect
In schools, we teach our kids the negative effects of smoking and how it can have a bad effect on their health. We tell them that they shouldn’t smoke but it is highly important that we inform them that smoking doesn’t just affect the smoker, it also affects everyone around them and that breathes from the surrounding air.
In fact, most of the cigarette’s smoke is released into the air not to the smoker’s lungs. Both the exhaled smoke and the smoke produced by the cigarette’s end contain toxic chemicals that are very dangerous especially for children and pregnant women.
Effect on Pregnancy
Pregnant women who used to be exposed to secondhand smoking are more likely to have ectopic pregnancy, problems during birth or premature birth and the baby may suffer from low weight. It can also cause miscarriage, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or fetal accidents during sleep. Overall, smoke has a bad effect on the baby’s development.
It can also affect your chances of getting pregnant. If your partner is a smoker or has many friends who smoke around him, it can affect both his sperm count and fertility.
Effect on Children
Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke are at risk of suffering from breathing problems, asthma and allergies. It can also cause sudden unexpected death in infants (SUDI). In the first 18 months of the child’s life, secondhand smoke can raise risk of respiratory disease and affect the child’s development. The child becomes more likely to get colds, coughs and infections in the middle ear.
If there is always smoke inside the home and the child is exposed to passive smoking, it will increase his risk of developing asthma symptoms and attacks. It may make him more likely to need medication for asthma for a long time.
If the child reaches school age, he is at risk of developing some not-so-serious symptoms including cough, phlegm, wheeze and breathlessness. But it may also cause some major problems. For example, being exposed to secondhand smoking can increase the risk of some diseases such as meningococcal disease that can cause disability or death.
Effect on People Who Have Never Smoked
Being a nonsmoker who lives in a household full of smokers can expose you to the risk of developing heart diseases. This is because secondhand smoking increase the risk of a clot formation that can lead to many dangerous medical condition such as a heart attack or a stroke. Secondhand smoking can also decrease the levels of important nutrients such as antioxidants and vitamins in your blood.
The negative effects of secondhand smoking do not need a long time to occur. Being exposed to it for only 30 minutes can give you similar degree of irregular blood flow as the one that can be seen in smokers.
Decreasing the Risks of Passive Smoking
It is very important to provide a free smoking area for nonsmokers and ask those who do smoke to do so away from others. No one should ever smoke in a closed room or at home. Even limiting smoking at home to a room isn’t effective as tobacco smoke can slowly spread to the rest of the house. So, try to ask your smoker family members and visitors to do so outside the household.
Smoking in the car, even if the windows are opened, is very dangerous. So, try to make your car a smoke-free area. You should also try to avoid going to areas where it is hard to stay away form people who smoke especially if you are with children or a pregnant woman.